The Behavioral Risk FactorSurveillance Syst~m (BRFSS) is the largest telephone health survey in the world. It was created in the early 1980s by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to collect comparable data at the state level about preventable health condi- tions. BRFSS has since emerged as one of the few systems available to track behavioral risk factors, health practices, and prevalence rates associated with leading chronic diseases. BRFSS telephone surveys provide data that policy makers and public health professionals rely on to identify rnajor health risks, design interventions, set goals, and measure progress toward those goals. BRFSS data, for example, are used to track a number of Healthy People 2010 objectives at the national, state, and local levels.
The 2005 Paso del Norte Border Report was produced using data from the local BRFSS conducted in EI Paso County Texas and Doña Ana County New Mexico. BRFSS data were gathered from random digit dialed telephone interviews with area residents through a survey process that strictly adhered to CDC methods and standards for qua'ity assurance. The Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing
(CATI) systern was used by the data collection contractor. The sarvple includes responses from non-institutionalized individuals over the age
of 18 The final sample size was 1418 for both counties; 653 samples were collected in EI Paso County and 765 samples were collected in Doña Ana County. The data were collected January 2005 through December 2005. Because the methods of these local area BRFSS projects adhere to CDC standards, survey results are generally accepted by public health professionals and can be compared to BRFSS data collected from the nation, state, and other cornmunities.
The Center for Border Health Research, with funding from the Paso del Norte Health Foundation, is oleased to present the results of this important study on the region's health. The Border Report is produced and distributed whenever relevant data are ready for release and is intended to serve as an information source for prograrn planners, grant writers, researchers, and policy makers at the national, state, and
A special thanks to Jim VanDerslice, PhD for the invaluable statistical consultation provided to this project.
The Center for Border rlealth Research promotes and supports health research in the Paso del Norte region of far west Texas, southern New Mexico, and northerr Chihuahua, Mexico. The Center's mission is to ensure a sound, well-defined research agenda and enhance effort to pursue that agenda leading to improvements in the health status of the Paso del Norte community.
Paso del Norte Health Foundation (PdNHF). Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data. EI Paso, Texas: Paso del Norte Health Foundation, Center for Border Health Research. (2005).
4e t r for cler t th searc
1The figures for Texas, New Mexico, and the United States were taken from
the CDC website, wwcdc.gov/brfss. The U.s. figures include each of the states and Washington, D.C., and are the median of all values from all the
states. Accessed October 16, 200. 2 Hadley; Jack. (2002). Sicker and Poorer: The Consequences of Being
Uninsured: Executive Summary. Kaiser Family Foundation, Kaiser Commis- sion on Medicaid and the Uninsured Web site: http://wwkforg/uninsured/upload/Sicker-and-Poorer-The- Consequences-of-Being-Uninsured-Executive-Summarypdf Retrieved
September 7,200. 3 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. wwcdc.gov/brfss. Accessed
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Agriculture. (2005). Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2005. http://ww.healthierus.gov/dietaryguidelinesl. Accessed on October 17,
2006. 5 Statistics provided for the nation as a whole are median values for all the
states and Washington D.C.; see the Centers for Disease and Control
BRFSS website, wwcdc.gov/brfss. 6 Américan Heart Association.
October 16, 200 7 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
http://ww.cdc.gov/nccdphp/sgr/ataglan.htm.Accessed on October 16,
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4, 200. Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 9 Twelve Best Walking Cities. Prevention. April 10 National
http://ww.niaaa.nih.govi. Accessed on October 16, 2006. 11 American Heart Association. http://wwamericanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier= 1516. Accessed
on October 16, 200. 12 National Center for health Statistics as published by the American Heart
Association, Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics - 2005 Update. Dallas, TX:
200. http://wwamericanheart.org.Accessed on October 16, 200. 13 American Heart Association. AHA,
on October 16, 2006. 14 wwcholesteroJlowdown.org.Accessed or October 16, 200.
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on October 16, 200. 16 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
http://wwcdc.gov/nccdphp/publications/aag/cvh.htm. Accessed on
October 16, 2006. 17 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
http://wwcdc.gov/hrqol/pdfs/mhd.pdfAccessedOctober 16, 2006. 18 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
http://wwcdc.gov/od/odmedia/pressref/fs051026.htm. Accessed on
October 16, 2006. 19 American Heart Association.
http://ww.s2mw.com/heartofdiabetes/index.html. Accessed on October
16, 200. 20 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
http://wwcdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/costs/intro.htm. Accessed on Novem-
ber 16, 200. 21 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
http://ww.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesityI.Accessedon October 16,
200. 22 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
http://ww.cdc.gov/asthma/sJides/preva/ence06.ppt#285, 1 Asthma Prevalence United States, 1980-2CD. Accessed on October 19,200.
23 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://ww.cdc.gov/arthritisl.
Accessed on October 16, 200.
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