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Capital Needs Inventory - page 82 / 100





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Asset Category: Vehicles/Vehicle Parts

Customer/Demand – Vehicles/Vehicle Parts Needs by Project Type ($1.02 Billion)

As Metro’s rail, bus and paratransit ridership grows, additional vehicles will be needed to address overcrowding and keep services safe, reliable and com- fortable. In order to meet projected growth in rail ridership, Metro will need to move from running a combination of 6- and 8-car trains to running 100% 8-car trains at peak periods. Increasing the percentage of 8-car trains from 50% to 75% will require 130 new cars and expand the rail fleet capacity by 7%. Similarly, expanding service from 75% to 100% will require 90 new cars and will increase rail fleet capacity by another 7%. A higher number of cars is needed to reach 75% 8-car trains to account for the rehabilitation schedule of rail cars.


Without rail fleet expansion, most rail lines will be congested by 2020, with the


Orange/Dulles Line exceeding capacity (120 passengers per car). With expansion to 100% 8-car trains during peak periods, most rail lines will have adequate ca- pacity through 2030, though the Orange/Dulles Line will exceed 120 passengers



per car as 2030 approaches. For more information, see the Overview of Future Demand section of this report.

Over the next ten years, Metro anticipates that the bus fleet will need to expand by 325 buses (from approximately 1,500 today) to address ridership growth, the backlog of expansion buses, provide service improvements along priority cor-

YOE, $ Millions Rail Car Fleet Expansion

Bus Fleet Expansion

Bus Enhancements

MetroAccess Fleet Expansion

ridors and make up for the seating capacity lost due to conversion to low-floor buses (approximately seven seats are lost per bus conversion). Today’s buses also employ a wealth of technology that improves service and the customer experience onboard. Metro plans a number of enhancements to the bus fleet, such as Automatic Vehicle Location equipment so that the Operations Control Center can see the location of each bus in real-time (the equipment has a life cycle of between seven to ten years, while a bus life cycle is 15 years). Other bus technology improvements will benefit the customer with faster travel time and better travel information.

The demand for MetroAccess service is increasing at a very high rate, and is projected to continue to do so as the regional population’s average age increases and riders switch to MetroAccess from other providers. Demand for service is projected to increase from 2.1 million trips in 2009 to 4.5 million trips in 2020. In order to provide the same high level of service that paratran- sit customers currently receive, the MetroAccess fleet will need to expand by

over 800 vehicles by 2020.

The figure to the left shows a breakdown of Metro’s Customer/Demand - Vehicle and Vehicle Parts needs ($1.02 billion over 10 years) by project type. A brief description of each project type follows.

80 Capital Needs Inventory

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