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PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 102 / 135

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measures attitudes of sympathy and concern and reflects the degree of emotional feeling

a person has for the needs of others (Costa & McCrae, 1992). A person who has a higher

score on this facet may be drawn to the counseling profession, and despite the emotional

cost, continue to remain active in the profession.

The findings of this study lend support to the assertion that personality data can

assist in helping a person to make more realistic career choices (Costa, McCrae, & Kay,

1995). Graduates of a seminary counselor education program who are active in using

their counselor education may be more likely to engage in the profession if their

personality scores on the NEO PI-R domains Extraversion, Openness, and Agreeableness

are more elevated and the Social Introversion scale of the MMPI-2 is lower.

The third step in testing this hypothesis (satisfaction in the profession) was a

correlation analysis of these personality assessment scores and the questionnaire

respondents’ disclosure of enjoyment in the counseling profession. Although none of the

scale or domain scores reached statistical significance, in this study a noteworthy trend

was found for a negative correlation of the MMPI-2 scale 5 (Mf) and enjoyment in the

profession. Low scores on Scale 5 of the MMPI-2 may reflect sex-role constraints,

expectations, and identifications; high scores may suggest broader and a more inclusive

range of interests (Nichols, 2001). There were no studies found in the literature that

examined this scale in correlation with enjoyment in the profession.

It would be reasonable to assume that a trend for correlation on scale 5 (Mf)

would also be noticed on the Openness domain of the NEO PI-R, as this domain

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