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PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 105 / 135

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education. It seems quite striking, therefore, that the findings of the research for this

hypothesis (self-perceived effectiveness in the profession) are quite different in that there

is a trend for a negative correlation of Agreeableness and self-perceived effectiveness. A

counselor’s score on the Agreeableness domain may impact his or her ability to develop a

therapeutic relationship. The therapeutic relationship and the therapist’s interest in

helping has a significant role in therapy effectiveness (Luborsky, McLellan, Woody,

O’Brien, & Auerbach, 1985) and a counselor’s interpersonal qualities lend to his or her

ability to instill client confidence and hope (Overholser & Fine, 1990). No literature was

found that has explored any correlation of self-perceived effectiveness and

Agreeableness.

As noted in the discussion of other domains of the NEO PI-R, an examination of

the facets of a domain is helpful in understanding meaningful differences that are seen

within a domain. Further research is necessary to discover how these facets have

impacted the findings of this present study. For example, the Trust facet measures a

person’s belief that other people are honest and well-intentioned (Costa & McCrae,

1992). This facet may correlate negatively with self-perceived effectiveness in the

profession due to the counselor’s experience that people are often not trustworthy and are

often deceptive and dishonest with their spoken intentions. One of the tasks of the

counselor is to discover the source of a person’s concern or problem, and not necessarily

rely on the face value of what is spoken.

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