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PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 107 / 135

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It is interesting to note that there was a trend for a negative correlation of

Agreeableness and self-perceived effectiveness and a trend for a positive correlation of

Agreeableness and participation in the counseling profession. This may reveal a tension

a counselor faces in that one is drawn to the profession and is inspired by certain

interpersonal tendencies, but also struggles with how these tendencies may affect

counseling effectiveness if left unchecked. Although this may be problematic for a

novice counselor, other more experienced persons in the profession may become

accustomed to the tension and accept it as part of their professional identity.

Limitations and Recommendations for Future Research

There are several limitations to this study and several avenues that should be

explored with further research. The archival data of the MMPI-2 that was used in this

study included only the 10 basic clinical scales and the validity scales based upon a

shorter administration of the assessment (the first 370 questions). The administration of

the complete MMPI-2 (567 questions) would provide the researcher with the newer

validity scales and many more supplementary scales, possibly yielding a richer source of

data. Similarly, this study utilized the NEO PI-R domain scale scores only to depict the

personality characteristics of the counseling program graduates. Although these domain

scores help to provide an understanding of personality at the broadest level (Costa &

McCrae, 1992), facet scales have been described as partitions of the larger spectrum

(Piedmont, 1998) and may give greater insight into the nuances of the domain scores. A

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