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PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 110 / 135

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Duris, Bjorck, and Gorsuch (2007) found that those who are immersed in a Christian

subculture differed on the L scale of the MMPI-2. The personality profiles as measured

by the NEO PI-R and the MMPI-2 for graduates of a secular institution may be different

as a result of the role of spirituality or faith, resulting in differing enjoyment, satisfaction,

or self-perceived effectiveness in counseling.

The subjects of this study were recent graduates of the counseling program (2003-

2006) and have served in the counseling field for a brief period of time. The graduates

who had not entered into counseling work (hypothesis 2) may have been prevented from

doing so due to mitigating circumstances beyond their control, and not because of a lack

of interest. Longitudinal studies allow a researcher to accumulate data on subjects

through intensive documentation of growth and change (Portney & Watkins, 2000). A

longitudinal study over a five year period may yield a clearer picture of how personality

affects a long-term commitment to the counseling profession and the resulting enjoyment,

satisfaction, and self-perceived effectiveness.

Finally, further research should include a spiritual assessment. Piedmont (1999)

has suggested that Spiritual Transcendence should be a sixth factor of the Five-Factor

Model. The administration of a spiritual assessment in the research may yield beneficial

information in understanding the role of spirituality in the personality of counseling

program graduates. The personality profile of a counseling program graduate may

correlate with spirituality and impact a graduate’s success, satisfaction, and self-

perceived success in the counseling profession

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