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PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 15 / 135

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more (Leverett-Main, 2004), but the results were often unsatisfactory. The significance

of a counselor’s personality characteristics has been linked to effective outcome

(Lambert, 1992). Two well-known assessments of personality characteristics that have

been researched in relationship to career selection, including counseling, are the

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI & MMPI-2; Daehnert & Carter,

1987; White & Franzoni, 1990) and the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R;

DeFruyt, 2002).

This chapter reviews the literature pertaining to the selection of students for

counselor education. Particular attention is given to the utility of the MMPI (now the

MMPI-2) and the NEO PI-R to assess the personality of counseling students and

counselors. The usefulness of these instruments in predicting a counseling student’s

academic success, post-graduation satisfaction, and perceived effectiveness is examined

in this study.

Selection of Students for Counselor Education

Counselor educators are charged with a gate-keeping role, and counseling

students are expected to possess personal qualities and characteristics that are conducive

to effective therapeutic practice (Lumadue & Duffy, 1999). Counselor educators are also

charged with the responsibility of evaluating students to determine whether qualifications

are met for the counseling profession and to assist in the on-going monitoring of students

in their educational process (Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related

Educational Programs [CACREP], 2001; Association for Counselor Education and

7

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