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PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 30 / 135

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literature available at the time, the researcher expected that the better counselor would be

one who has all around confidence in oneself. It was suggested that the better

counselor’s highest scores would be on those scales that measured personal strength, such

as K, Ego-strength (Es), Pd (scale 4), and/or Ma (scale 9). The better counselor’s scores

lowest scores would be Si (scale 0), D (scale 2), or Sc (scale 8). The researcher expected

that the better marriage counselor would reflect a combination of high and low scales

indicative of flexible strength and warmth.

The order of high point scores for the Upper Ability Group was K, Mf (scale 5),

Hy (scale 3), Pd (scale 4) and Sc (scale 8). The order of high point scores for the Middle

Ability Group was K, Mf (scale 5), Hy (scale 3), Pd (scale 4) and Ma (scale 5). The order

of high point scores for the Lower Ability Group was Mf (scale 5), Pd (scale 4), Hy

(scale 3), K, and Sc (scale 8). The order for low point scores for the Upper Ability and

Middle Ability groups were the same, Si (scale 0), L, F, and D (scale 2). The order for the

low point scores for the Lower Ability Group was Si (scale 0), F, L, and Sc (scale 8).

Although D (scale 2) was not present on the Lower Ability Group’s low point order, it

did appear on the low point order for the Upper and Middle Ability groups.

Results showed that there was significantly less variance in the scores for Pa

(scale 6) in the Higher Ability Group than in the Middle Ability Group and Lower Ability

Group. Although inconclusive, the author speculated that when scores on Pa (scale 6) Ma

(scale 5) and Sc (scale 8) vary more than one standard deviation from the means of the

High Ability Group that personality may be problematic in a marriage counselor’s work.

Researchers have also been interested in knowing how differences in personality

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