X hits on this document

PDF document

PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 31 / 135

529 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

31 / 135

between client and counselor affect the outcome. For example, Wogan (1970) reduced

by canonical analysis all of the basic clinical scales except for Mf (scale 5), and the three

validity scales L, F, and K to the factor scales of Anxiety, Repression, Withdrawal,

Subtlety, Suppressed Anger, and Somatization. An assessment of the relationship of

therapist and patient variables to therapy outcome was then compiled.

For this study (Wogan, 1970), the patients completed a Patient Rating Scale

consisting of Communicative Ease, Mutual Liking, and Speed of Progress variables. The

therapists completed a Therapist Rating Scale consisting of Emotional Climate, Degree of

Disturbance, and Outcome Rank score variables. It was noted that in this study all of the

therapists had MMPI scores in the normal limits. The patients who had higher Anxiety

and Repression scores tended to like their therapists more and patients with higher scores

on the Subtlety scale saw themselves progressing more quickly in therapy. The therapists

considered the climate of the therapy more positive when the patient had higher

Repression scale scores and lower Suppressed Anger scale scores. When the scores of

the therapist were higher on Anxiety and Somatization but lower on Repression, the

patients rated the therapist higher on Communicative Ease and had a greater liking for

therapists with higher Anxiety and Somatization scores. The researcher also found that

the patient liked his/her therapist more if the patient and the therapist were on opposite

ends of the Repression scale and that the patient felt that he/she was progressing more

slowly in therapy if more similar to the therapist on the Subtlety scale.

These studies demonstrate that the MMPI can provide a unique perspective on the

nuances that may be associated with the personality characteristics of an effective

23

Document info
Document views529
Page views530
Page last viewedSun Dec 11 03:15:59 UTC 2016
Pages135
Paragraphs2608
Words29546

Comments