counselor. However, these studies are insufficient to address the counselor’s perceived
effectiveness and satisfaction in the profession.
The MMPI and Counselor Education
In a study that examined the relationships between admissions criteria and
evaluation of performance within a graduate program of psychology, Daehnert and Carter
(1987) found that the personality variables measured by the MMPI were useful and
accurate predictors of graduate school performance as evidenced by internship
evaluations. The sample for this study was 192 students who were enrolled in a doctoral
or master’s level program from 1972 to 1978, representing seven consecutive classes.
Correlations were computed to determine the relationship between pre-admission
variables and within-program performance measures. Results of their study showed a
relationship between Pt (scale 7) and the students’ internship evaluations, suggesting to
the researchers that “…theoretical and academic knowledge is mastered by those students
who are conscientious and sometimes overly self-critical” p.1121. Sc (scale 8) of the
MMPI also had an inverse relationship with part of the internship assessment indicating
that disorganized cognitive processes can cause difficulty with a student meeting the
requirements of graduate school and that these students may have difficulty with social
and communication skills. The researchers also found a positive correlation between Pa
(scale 6) and internship evaluations that demonstrated a student was responsible and
possessed good therapy skills.
Other research in the literature examined the mental health of those in the helping