The researcher suggested that a general pattern for seminary students included the five
top-ranked scores on K, Mf (scale 5), Hy (scale 3), Pd (scale 4) and Ma (scale 9), all of
which are at least one-half standard deviation above the Mean. It was common also for
the score of Si (scale 0) to be significantly below the Mean. Although helpful in
describing the personality of a typical seminary student, the data for this study did not
predict success or satisfaction in the profession.
In a follow-up study to determine if the ministerial personality of the 1980’s had
the same profile as found in the study by Nauss (1973), the MMPI scores of 67 male and
female pastoral candidates were studied by Patrick (1991). Most of the candidates were
enrolled in Master of Divinity programs of The United Church of Christ. Although the
study showed that there was little deviation from the Naus (1973) study as a whole, this
study did not provide support for predicting a seminary students’ success or satisfaction
in the profession.
Jansen, Bonk, and Garvey (1973) studied a group of 85 clergymen who were
enrolled in a counseling training program, of whom 80% were Roman Catholic and 20%
were Protestant. The study examined the relationship between the participants’ MMPI
profiles and supervisor and peer ratings of the participants’ counseling competency. All
of the 10 clinical scales and the L, F, and K validity scales were analyzed. The Mean
scores were basically the same as found for male marriage counselors by Phillips (1970).
Several significant correlations were found between various MMPI scales and both
supervisor and peer ratings of participants’ counseling efficacy. There were negative
correlations, ranging from .44 to .33 with supervisor’s ratings of counseling skill on Pa