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PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 36 / 135

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The researcher suggested that a general pattern for seminary students included the five

top-ranked scores on K, Mf (scale 5), Hy (scale 3), Pd (scale 4) and Ma (scale 9), all of

which are at least one-half standard deviation above the Mean. It was common also for

the score of Si (scale 0) to be significantly below the Mean. Although helpful in

describing the personality of a typical seminary student, the data for this study did not

predict success or satisfaction in the profession.

In a follow-up study to determine if the ministerial personality of the 1980’s had

the same profile as found in the study by Nauss (1973), the MMPI scores of 67 male and

female pastoral candidates were studied by Patrick (1991). Most of the candidates were

enrolled in Master of Divinity programs of The United Church of Christ. Although the

study showed that there was little deviation from the Naus (1973) study as a whole, this

study did not provide support for predicting a seminary students’ success or satisfaction

in the profession.

Jansen, Bonk, and Garvey (1973) studied a group of 85 clergymen who were

enrolled in a counseling training program, of whom 80% were Roman Catholic and 20%

were Protestant. The study examined the relationship between the participants’ MMPI

profiles and supervisor and peer ratings of the participants’ counseling competency. All

of the 10 clinical scales and the L, F, and K validity scales were analyzed. The Mean

scores were basically the same as found for male marriage counselors by Phillips (1970).

Several significant correlations were found between various MMPI scales and both

supervisor and peer ratings of participants’ counseling efficacy. There were negative

correlations, ranging from .44 to .33 with supervisor’s ratings of counseling skill on Pa

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