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PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 37 / 135

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(scale 6), D (scale 2), and Pt (scale 7) and negative correlations, ranging from .46 to .30

with peer ratings on Pa (scale 6), Sc (scale 8), Pt (scale 7), D (scale 2), Pd (scale 4), Hy

(scale 3) and K. The researchers concluded that the individual scale Pa (scale 6) was the

best predictor of variance in supervisor and peer ratings and that multiple correlations of

the scales offered little improvement in predictive utility of supervisor or peer ratings.

Jansen and Garvey (1973) compared MMPI scores of clergy who were enrolled in

a 12-week program of clinical pastoral education and were rated by their supervisor as

high, average, or low in competence as clinicians. The religious affiliation of the

participants was 79 % Catholic and 21 % Protestant. 61% of the subjects were ordained

and 39 % were advanced seminary students. The students with a high competence rating

and those with an average competence rating tended to be similar to one another. The

students with a high competence rating had significantly lower scores on the L, F, and K

validity scales, D (scale 2), Pd (scale 4), Pa (scale 6) and Sc (scale 8) than those rated

with a lower competence score. The MMPI profiles were also separated and the students

labeled as most healthy did not have a score of 60 or more on any of the scales. The

students who were rated high in clinical competence scored significantly higher on Hs

(scale 1), Hy (scale 3), and Pt (scale 7) than those students who were considered the most

healthy, thereby suggesting a significant inverse relationship on these scales and

evaluation of clinical competence. Results of this study indicate that there is a possible

relationship between a student’s MMPI scores and aptitude in the counseling profession;

however, the study falls short in linking actual success and satisfaction in counseling

work. Differences reflecting a theological position have also been found on the MMPI

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