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seminary, 26% of those with low MMPI scores dropped, and 29% of those with moderate

MMPI scores dropped. Discriminant analysis was used to evaluate the effectiveness of

the TSI with the MMPI scores in providing predictability and 68% of the students were

correctly classified. Although considered unsatisfactory or useful for admission

purposes, it was felt that further research and refinement of variables showed promise. In

an effort to update the literature regarding the personality characteristics of pastoral

candidates to the priesthood, Plante, Manuel, and Tandez (1996) studied the MMPI-2

scores of 21 male applicants to a Catholic Religious order between 1990 and 1994. Their

investigation did not find the elevations on Pd (scale 4), Sc (scale 8), and Ma (scale 9)

that other studies using the MMPI have found. However, significant elevation on the L,

K scales and Hy (scale 3) and lower scores on the F scale were found. The subjects also

had elevated levels on scale 5. Also to update and compare the research from previous

studies, Plante, Aldridge and Louie (2005) evaluated MMPI-2 data of 68 male applicants

to a Roman Catholic Religious order between 1990 and 2004, and found significant

elevations on the L and K scales, low scores on the F scale and elevations on the scale Mf

(scale 5). Results showed that the applicants appeared to have better psychological health

than those of previous studies, but did not provide any data as to success or satisfaction in

ministry.

The MMPI and Missionary Selection and Service

The value of utilizing the MMPI to assess the personality characteristics of

applicants to full-time religious vocations has been addressed by numerous studies. For

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