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PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 41 / 135

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of performance overseas were assessed and the missionaries were divided into “yes” (will

perform accurately), “no” (will not perform accurately), or “maybe” (unclear), based

upon their MMPI scores. Missionary success was defined by a score on the Mission

Assessment Scale that a mission executive completed based upon the missionary’s field

service records. It was found that predictions for missionary perseverance and

performance based on blind interpretations of MMPIs had an accuracy rate of 69%, even

without the assistance of other sources of information. A concern was raised, however,

that the MMPI-2 may lack some of the scales that may be significant for missionary

assessment that were included on the MMPI.

These studies have demonstrated the prominence that the MMPI and MMPI-2

have had in assessing personality characteristics of those who are in the counseling

profession and those training for the profession. Also, the research has demonstrated that

religious affiliation may contribute to differences of personality characteristics as

measured by the MMPI and MMPI-2. Finally, it is noted that the MMPI-2 may provide

insight into whether a seminary student completes a program of study. But, these studies

have not been adequate to show that personality characteristics as assessed by the MMPI

(now the MMPI-2) alone assist a counselor education program’s selection of students for

training who will succeed and be satisfied with their work.

Other assessments of personality may provide additional valuable information to

assist in the selection of students for counselor education. For instance, although scale 0

(Si) of the MMPI-2 addresses a person’s level of introversion, it does not delineate

personality characteristics that may define more specifically some of the nuances of a

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