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PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 44 / 135

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irrational ideas, struggle with controlling impulses, and to cope more poorly than others

with stress. A person with a high score on Neuroticism may be at risk for

psychopathology, but does not necessarily have a psychiatric disorder. A person with a

low score on Neuroticism is calm, even-tempered, and is less apt to be upset in stressful

situations (Costa & McCrae, 1992).

Extraversion involves the variances of preference for social interaction and lively

activity. A person with high scores on Extraversion is apt to be talkative, gregarious,

socially poised, and assertive in behavior. A person with low scores on Extraversion is

more emotionally bland, likely to avoid close relationships, exercise overcontrol impulses

and submissive (McCrae & Costa, 2003; McCrae, Costa, & Busch, 1986).

Openness is a major dimension of personality that involves a person’s

imagination, preference for variety, intellectual curiosity, aesthetic sensitivity, attendance

to inner feelings, and independence of judgment. A person with a high score on

Openness is curious about the inner and outer world, and is willing to entertain novel

ideas and unconventional values. He or she also experiences emotions more keenly, and

is unconventional, willing to question authority. A person who scores low on Openness

tends to be conventional in behavior, conservative in outlook, prefer the familiar, and

have muted emotional responses (Costa & McCrae, 1992).

Agreeableness is a dimension of interpersonal tendencies and may be measured

by a person’s selfless concern for others and generous sentiments, or his or her aptness to

be tough minded and hardheaded. A person scoring high on Agreeableness is

sympathetic, considerate, warm, compassionate, and behaves in a giving way. A person

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