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PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 50 / 135

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and other subjective reactions. Judge et al. (1999) concluded from their longitudinal study

that relevant personality traits and general mental ability are capable of predicting

multiple facets of career success. High Conscientiousness was associated with intrinsic

career success. Low Neuroticism, low Agreeableness, high Extraversion, high

Conscientiousness, and high cognitive ability were associated with extrinsic career

success.

Following the work of others in describing career success as extrinsic or intrinsic,

Seibert and Kraimer (2001) surveyed 496 university alumni who had graduated 3 to 30

years prior to their study and who were engaged in various occupations and

organizations. Intrinsic career success was measured with a five-item career satisfaction

scale and extrinsic career success was measured by two self-reported variables of

promotions and salary. The personality traits of the alumni were measured by Saucier’s

(1994) mini-markers, considered to be valid indicators of the global dimensions of the

Five-Factor model. The occupational type of the respondents to the survey was coded

according to the amount of interaction and dealing with other people that was required,

either “low people activities” or “high people activities”. The researchers found a

negative relationship between neuroticism and intrinsic career success, a positive

relationship between extraversion and extrinsic career success and intrinsic career

success, and a negative relationship between agreeableness and intrinsic career success.

Occupational type did not moderate the relationship between agreeableness and career

satisfaction. Although the amount of variance explained by the personality traits was

small, the researchers suggest that the significance of the findings supports further study.

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