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PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 51 / 135

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In their study of the relationship between the Big Five personality dimensions and

job performance criteria of job proficiency, training proficiency, and personnel data for

five occupational groups, Barrick and Mount (1991) found the Conscientiousness

dimension was a consistent predictor of job performance. The Extraversion dimension

was found to be a predictor of the two occupations, managers, and sales. The Openness

to Experience dimension was a valid predictor of training proficiency.

Building on the current research on careers, career indecision, and personality

Lounsbury et al. (1999) examined career decidedness in relation to life satisfaction. The

shortened form of the NEO PI-R (the NEO Five-Factor Inventory), a 14-item scale to

measure career decidedness, and a 21-item life satisfaction scale was administered to 249

undergraduates representing all four years at a university. Results showed that career

decidedness negatively correlated to Neuroticism (r= -.30, p< .01) but positively

correlated to Agreeableness (r=.18, p< .05) and Conscientiousness (r=.25, p< .01). The

finding that career-decidedness was positively correlated to life satisfaction (r=.42, p<

.01) is consistent with the findings of Arnold (1989). The researchers in this study stated

that the negative relationship between Neuroticism and career decidedness is uncertain as

to whether one causes the other or not. It was also argued that career decidedness is a

logical correlate or an outcome of the personality characteristics that are pro-social

attributes of Conscientiousness. The researchers speculate that the positive relationship

between career decidedness and Agreeableness may hinge on the agreeableness of

individuals to participate in career planning and to trust information on career choices.

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