Proposed Design and Methodology
Students seeking admission into the counseling programs of Ashland Theological
Seminary are required to complete the MMPI-2 and the NEO PI-R personality
assessments. Results from these assessments are not criteria to exclude an applicant from
admission, but are administered to facilitate the student’s awareness of personality issues
that may hinder the successful completion of the program.
The subjects for this study were a convenience sample of students who have
graduated the counseling program from 2003-2006. All of the subjects completed the
MMPI-2 and the NEO PI-R during the admission process. Scores of the MMPI-2 and
NEO PI-R were compared with a student’s success at receiving high honors at
graduation, and results of a survey that assessed their on-going involvement, satisfaction,
and perceived effectiveness in the counseling profession. The attribute variables in this
study could not be manipulated and therefore the proposed study was descriptive research
with a nonexperimental ex post facto design.
The three primary hypotheses for this study were:
There is a correlation between GPA and the personality profiles of students of a
seminary counselor education program as assessed by the MMPI-2 clinical and
validity scales and the NEO PI-R domain scales.