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PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 66 / 135

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construct validity (Mitchell & Jolley, 2001). A primary advantage of a survey is the ease

of data collection but a disadvantage may be the return rate and there is no consensus on

what is an acceptable return rate (Heppner et al., 1999).

The survey for this study was constructed by the researcher and consists of closed

questions that are dichotomous, likert, or checklist in format. There are no known

reasons why the survey results used in this study would significantly deviate from the

common expectations of common survey research.

Assumptions

There are several assumptions with this study. It is assumed that the MMPI-2 and

the NEO PI-R were administered appropriately to the applicants of the counseling

program. It is also assumed that the applicants understood the questions and responded

to the MMPI-2, the NEO PI-R, and the survey truthfully. Although the MMPI-2 and the

NEO PI-R each have particular methods of apprising validity, these methods cannot give

absolute assurance that the instruments are valid for each applicant. It is assumed that the

questionnaire was completed by the intended recipient and that the number of

respondents to the survey is representative of the population studied and that the

responses were truthful and accurate.

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