construct validity (Mitchell & Jolley, 2001). A primary advantage of a survey is the ease
of data collection but a disadvantage may be the return rate and there is no consensus on
what is an acceptable return rate (Heppner et al., 1999).
The survey for this study was constructed by the researcher and consists of closed
questions that are dichotomous, likert, or checklist in format. There are no known
reasons why the survey results used in this study would significantly deviate from the
common expectations of common survey research.
There are several assumptions with this study. It is assumed that the MMPI-2 and
the NEO PI-R were administered appropriately to the applicants of the counseling
program. It is also assumed that the applicants understood the questions and responded
to the MMPI-2, the NEO PI-R, and the survey truthfully. Although the MMPI-2 and the
NEO PI-R each have particular methods of apprising validity, these methods cannot give
absolute assurance that the instruments are valid for each applicant. It is assumed that the
questionnaire was completed by the intended recipient and that the number of
respondents to the survey is representative of the population studied and that the
responses were truthful and accurate.