counseling profession. The MMPI-2 and the NEO PI-R results are archived in the
student’s file by the administrative assistant.
There were several steps in this current study. First, approval was obtained from
the Human Subjects Review Board of Ashland University for this study. A questionnaire
was mailed to graduates of the Midwest Pastoral Counseling Program in the years 2003-
2006 and for whom there were MMPI-2 and NEO PI-R data sets available. The
graduates received a hand-addressed envelope with a contact letter, questionnaire, and a
self-addressed postage-paid return envelope. The return envelope was coded in order to
verify persons who returned the questionnaire and those who did not. The size of the
sample was 116 individuals. Returning the completed questionnaire implied consent to
use the information provided by the survey for research. After two weeks, a reminder
letter encouraging a prompt completion was sent to those who had not returned the
questionnaire. Nine surveys were returned by the post office for inadequate addresses.
Seventy-four (63.8 %) completed questionnaires were returned. The majority of the
respondents to the questionnaire were above the age of 30 (60.8 %; n = 45), were White
(89.2 %; n = 66), and female (74.3 %; n = 55). The data that was received from the
returned questionnaire was entered into SPSS 15 for analysis.
Data Processing and Analysis
The primary research question of this study was: Do self-reported measures of
personality predict useful post-graduation markers of success in Master’s level counselor