to one another in a systemic way, it is possible to use one of the variables to make
accurate predictions about the other (Gravetter & Wallnau, 2004).
There were two measures of correlation that were performed in this study. Three
of the outcomes that were examined as markers of success in Master’s level counselor
education were final GPA, licensure acquisition, and ongoing participation in a
counseling related profession. Some of the data analyzed for these outcomes was
dichotomous in format and, therefore a point-biserial correlation was performed. This
correlation measure of relationship is commonly used when one continuous variable is
correlated with one dichotomous variable (Portney & Watkins, 2000).
The data analyzed for the other two outcomes that were examined as markers of
success in Master’s level counselor education were work satisfaction and perceived
effectiveness. None of the data analyzed for these outcomes was dichotomous in format,
but a portion of it was ordinal and therefore the Spearman correlation was performed.
The Spearman correlation is the appropriate measure of relationship also when the
relationship may not be linear (Gravetter & Wallnau, 2004).
Counseling programs are responsible for the selection of students that will be
admitted for training and service in the counseling profession. This study assists in
understanding how personality characteristics may predict success, satisfaction, and
perceived effectiveness in the counseling profession. Archival scores of the MMPI-2