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PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 74 / 135

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clinical, L, F, and K scales, the NEO PI-R domain scales, GPA, licensure acquisition, and

ongoing participation in the counseling profession. A point-biserial correlation analysis

was performed when the data included a dichotomous variable (GPA high honors level,

licensure acquisition, ongoing participation in the counseling profession) and a

Spearman’s rho correlation was performed when the data included ordinal data (work

satisfaction, self-perceived effectiveness). After the correlation analyses were performed,

a Bonferroni adjustment was applied to reduce the likelihood of a Type I error. There

were eighteen scales of the MMPI-2 and NEO PI-R that were correlated with the

outcome variables and, therefore, the Bonferroni adjustment was p = .05/18 (.002). In the

results reported below, correlations that are .002 or lower will be considered statistically

significant and correlations that are between .05 and .003 will be reported as trends.

GPA

A point-biserial correlation analysis was performed with the sample of 74

questionnaire respondents to determine the relationship that the scores of the MMPI-2

clinical and validity scales and NEO PI-R domain scales have with students’ honor status

(high honors, not high honors). The high honors notation is given to a student whose

GPA is 3.9 or above. Results of this analysis are found in Table 1. This level of GPA

showed no statistically significant correlation (p =.002) with the NEO PI-R domain

scales. There were also no noteworthy trends identified. Likewise, there were no

statistically significant correlations between GPA and the MMPI-2 scale scores; however,

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