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PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 94 / 135

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psychology as measured by internship evaluations. In their study, scale 8 (Sc) of the

MMPI had an inverse relationship to part of the internship assessment and the trend for a

negative correlation in this study supports their finding. Of particular note in the

Daehnert and Carter (1987) study was the strong relationship between scale 7 (Pt) of the

MMPI and a subcategory of the internship evaluation that assessed theoretical and

academic knowledge. In contrast, no trend for a correlation between scale 7 (Pt) and

GPA was found in this present study.

There was also a noteworthy trend in this study for a negative correlation of the L

scale of the MMPI-2 and GPA. Elevated scores on the L scale may be indicative of a

person who is overly conventional, socially conforming, rigid and moralistic, and have

little insight into their own motivations (Graham, 2006). No literature was found that

correlated the L scale with the GPA of a counseling program graduate. However, a

possible explanation for this correlation is that the course of study at the seminary

requires a significant number of reflection papers and a student’s grade may be indicative

of a student’s ability to integrate the information learned with their own life experiences.

It is somewhat surprising to note that none of the domains of the NEO PI-R

domain scales correlated significantly with students achieving the high honors

classification. Particularly noticeable was the lack of correlation of student GPA and the

Conscientiousness domain, as this domain is often associated with academic and

occupational achievement (Costa & McCrae, 1992). Although Conscientiousness may

have significant correlation with achievement in a number of academic and professional

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