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PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF COUNSELING STUDENTS AT A - page 97 / 135

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elicit negative feedback and may also be a factor in a graduate deciding to enter the

profession.

The second step in testing this hypothesis (satisfaction in the profession) was a

correlation analysis of these personality assessment scores and participation in the

counseling profession. Although none of the scale or domain scores reached statistical

significance, in this study a noteworthy trend was found for a negative correlation of the

MMPI-2 scale 0 (Si) and for a positive correlation of the NEO PI-R domains

Extraversion, Openness, and Agreeableness, and participation in the profession.

The Social Introversion scale (scale 0, Si) of the MMPI-2 was designed to assess

a person’s uneasiness in social situations, social insecurity, and withdrawal from

interpersonal activity (Butcher, 1990). Low scorers tend to be outgoing, gregarious,

friendly and talkative (Graham, 2006). Cottle and Lewis (1954) found that counselors

scored lower on scale 0 (Si) of the MMPI than other workers in education and

psychology, and Heikkinen and Wegner (1973) also found that counselors scored lower

on this scale than other professional groups studied. Lambert (1992), along with

Jennings and Skovholt (1999), stressed the value of strong relationship skills in the

counseling event.

Although no literature was found that addressed the correlation of MMPI-2 scores

and a counseling graduate’s activity in the counseling profession, this present study

demonstrates a trend for a negative correlation of scale 0 (Si) and active involvement in

the counseling profession. This trend for a negative correlation on Scale 0 (Si) is

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