of the NEO PI-R, the facets of the Extraversion domain may provide more definitive
insight for this trend for a positive correlation of this domain and participation in the
profession. Facets describe the domain more specifically and differences within a
domain may be more clearly elucidated.
For example, Warmth is a facet of the Extraversion domain. It is a measure of a
person’s level of interpersonal intimacy (Costa & McCrae, 1992). Those who score
higher on this facet may be drawn to counseling in that they genuinely like people.
Another facet, Assertiveness, is a measure of a person’s tendency to be dominant, and
persons scoring higher on this facet are more likely to be involved in leadership roles
(Costa & McCrae, 1992). Although counseling is an event where two persons are
responsible for the outcome (counselor and client), the counselor provides the leadership
necessary to help the client navigate the process (Murphy, Cheng, Werner-Wilson, 2006).
Another facet of this domain, Positive Emotions, measures a person’s tendency to
experience joy and happiness (Costa & McCrae, 1992). Counseling does not necessarily
eliminate the challenges or problems a client faces, but counseling does promote a
client’s awareness that good mental health is having an optimistic response to
circumstances and events that may be out of the client’s control. The counselor’s well-
being and freedom from distress has a positive relationship to treatment outcome
(Beutler, Machado, & Neufeldt, 1994) and will likely bring the counselor more personal