DESCRIPTION Encloses letter from Adonia Matide Calvo, aunt of Roberto Ardito. ‘It makes one want to cry.’ Asks if Ralston if worth while for CSFHR to subscribe to Lubarsky USSR News Brief. Handwritten notes of NIH Seminar by Dr. Igor Makerov, Soviet Sci. Attache. “Soviet Science Policy”. Victoria Kilinsky, M.D. wrote to express concern for her cousin Valery Bychovsky. Refused a second time and in desperate condition. Kilinsky won the “Wiener Award” He sent his paper illegally from Russia. Award certificate attached. Asks for moral support for him. “Soviet Scientist’s Candor Earns U.S. Praise.” by Robert Rheinhold reports on meeting at NIH by Dr. Igor Makarov, Soviet Scientific Attache who spoke on Soviet Science Policy. Letter-to-Editor by Jack Minker on back page of article, of 10/12/81, “Misdirected Candor of the Soviet Embassy’s Science Attache,” counters so-called ‘candor’ in the news article. Drafts of Minker letter to NY Times “On a Soviet Scientist’s Comments.’ Quote not included in 10/05/81 letter in NY Times, ‘What perhaps exhibits more candor on the part of Dr. Makarov is the brief conversation I had with him following the meeting. Dr. Makharov in answer to questions by other individuals had stated that the Soviet Union was not going to alter its scientific or governmental policies because of outside interference of scientists. I stated that he had the wrong perception of U.S. scientists. My colleagues are not interested in changing either Soviet government or Soviet scientific policies. What we are concerned with is that the Soviet government abide by their own laws and international laws. It is the right of every scientist (or individual) in the Soviet Union to emigrate. I noted that the refuseniks simply wanted to leave the Soviet Union, they did not want to change the government.Why were they not permitted to do so? With the utmost candor, Dr. Makarov stated, “Why are you so interested in certain scientists of German origin? Dr. Makarov’s candid statement makes it clear that certain scientists of German origin . . . ” have no future in the Soviet Union. Is there any reason why they wish to leave? The only wonder is why the Soviet Union who has no interest in scientists not of “Russian origin wishes to keep them in the Soviet Union. Letter, ‘On a Soviet Scientist’s Candor,’ submitted for publication and published 10/21/81.