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medieval elements

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revenge tragedy: the definition, characteristic features.

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language, structure and technical devices (sub-plot, play-within-the-play, monologues and soliloquies)

7.

William Shakespeare: King Lear (Macbeth, Romeo and Juliet)

a)

characteristic features of Shakespearean tragedy (the role of the Fool in King Lear, the metaphors of madness and blindness, the significance of love contest, the vision of family and its universal implications, the supernatural elements  – the three weird sisters in Macbeth, the Ghost in Hamlet, the inner conflict, hesitation, exploration of human passions, questions of morality, etc.)

b)

technical devices in Shakespearean theatre (subplots, play-within-the-play, theatrical rhetoric, soliloquies, monologues, asides, on-stage and off-stage audiences, functioning of prologues and epilogues, comic relief, etc.

8.

Shakespeare: A Midsummer Night’s Dream and The Tempest:

the concept of comedy (the definition, romantic comedy, idyll, pastoral, comedy vs. tragedy).

sources of Elizabethan comedy (folklore, pagan traditions, medieval interludes, antique comedy etc.).

sources of comic effects in Shakespeare’s comedies (tragic elements in Shakespearean comedy).

A Midsummer Night’s Dream

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the title of the play

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attitudes to love

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the three worlds (the fairies, the young lovers, the mechanicals)

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folk elements

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the real and the illusory, law vs. magic, reality vs. theatre

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‘the concord of discords’ – language, characters, love.

Shakespeare: The Tempest  

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a tragicomedy (the definition of a tragicomedy, tragic and comic elements, the ending of the play).

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theatre and theatricality (theatre within a theatre, a masque, the world as a stage, theatrical illusion, Prospero as a director).

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illusions vs. reality.

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the function of magic, white magic of Prospero vs. black magic of Sycorax.

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nature vs. culture.

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the concept of ‘the other’ (Caliban – the native inhabitant); the problem of colonisation.

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the role of the epilogue, Shakespeare’s farewell to the theatre.

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definitions: a masque, Shakespearean romance utopia.

9.

Thomas Wyatt: selected sonnets; Henry Howard: selected sonnets; Shakespeare: selected sonnets. Philip Sydney: Apology for Poetry.

a)

definition of a sonnet

b)

three basic sonnet forms: Petrarchan, Spenserian, Shakespearean

c)

Shakespeare’s sonnets:

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the sonnet cycle; the order of sonnets

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the characters in the sonnets

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recurrent themes (love, time, death, begetting children, creating poetry, etc.)

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anti-Petrarchan tradition

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Platonic and sexual love

10.

Metaphysical poetry: John Donne, George Herbert, Andrew Marvell.

a)

the origin of the term

b)

characteristic features of metaphysical poetry (metaphysical conceits and the source of conceit, discordia concors, balance between reason and emotion, dramatic nature of metaphysical verse, the tone of persuasion).

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