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TRAILER TOWING SAFETY TIPS

TRAILER TOWING SAFETY TIPS

I N S TA B I L I T Y Swaying (or whipping) of a tow vehicle/trailer combination at low speeds may get worse as speed increases. If this happens, take your foot off the gas pedal. Steer straight ahead while manually applying the trailer brakes. Then brake gently after the combina- tion has begun to stabilize itself. Stabilizer or weight equalizing bars will help reduce trailer sway and may also be required by law in some states. NEVER INCREASE SPEED WHEN TRAILER IS SWAYING OR WHIPPING

Check cargo first to be sure that the trailer is loaded heavier in the front. If not, reposition the load so you get 10% of the total trailer weight on the tongue. Next, make certain the rear of the tow vehi- cle is not overloaded. Then check for wheel wobble on both vehicles caused by bearing failure, loose lug nuts or loose spindle nuts. Now check the tow vehicle’s suspension alignment. Finally, make sure that you are not exceeding the recommended maximum speed limit for safety and IT’S THE LAW.

If the above instructions have been followed, instability should now be corrected. If not, something may be wrong with your tow vehicle.

TIPS FOR THE BEGINNER (ALSO SEE HITCHING UP ON P. 21) Place your hand at the bottom of the steering wheel. While watching in your outside mirrors, if you want the rear of the trailer to go to the right, move your hand to the right. If you want the rear of the trailer to go to the left, move your hand to the left. If the trailer starts to jackknife—STOP—pull ahead to straight- en out then start procedure over again. When making turns, be aware the

TRAILER TURNS QUICK- ER THAN TOW VEHICLE. ALLOW EXTRA TURNING SPACE FOR TRAILER.

trailer will turn quicker than a tow vehicle. Allow extra turning space so that the trailer wheels don’t jump over a curb, hit a soft shoulder, road sign or tree. Your axle and/or tire and rim can be severely dam- aged as a result or from hitting the curb at a bad angle and too hard.

CHECK YOUR POLICY Most automobile and some homeowners insurance policies will provide some coverage for cargo trailers. They should also provide for you a “grace period” of a set number of days from the date of purchase. Call your agent.

HITCH AND BRAKE SAFETY For safe towing it is the trailer owner’s responsibility to CORRECTLY MATCH the combination of tow vehicle and trailer.

  • 1.

    MATCH the maximum trailer weight allowed for the tow vehicle to the GVWR of the trailer.

  • 2.

    MATCH the hitch weight carrying capacity of the tow vehicle with the loaded tongue weight of the trailer. This is generally 10% of GVWR on tag models and 20% of GVWR on 5th wheels and Goosenecks. Tag models may require a weight distributing hitch with sway controls. Contact your hitch specialist to properly set up your tow vehicle/trailer combination.

  • 3.

    MATCH the size of the brake controller to the number of braking wheels on your trailer. These are sold usually as 2 to 4 wheel brake or 2 to 6 wheel brake units. For proper controller adjustment, see your brake controller manual.

  • 4.

    MATCH the wiring of the tow vehicle to the wiring code on the trailer. Ensure your tow vehicle does have a ground wire running from the receptacle to the frame.

  • 5.

    MATCH the ball size to the coupler size.

  • 6.

    MATCH your Fifth Wheel or Gooseneck trailer to a correct and compatible hitch provided by your hitch specialist. Then consult your hitch specialist for proper maintenance of the hitch assembly.

  • 7.

    Match your rear vehicle suspension to the loaded hitch weight of the rear axle of the tow vehicle.

All marginal situations should be corrected for safe trailering. Remember, you are the one that will be trying to control a large combination of weight and size at high speeds. It is your responsibility to set up tow vehicle/trailer properly. Contact or confirm your set up with a local hitch company professional.

Class I

Class II

Class III

2,000 lbs. (GTW) 200 lbs. (TW) Compact Cars

3,500 lbs. (GTW) 300 lbs. (TW) Mid Size Cars & Small Pick Ups

3,500–5,000 lbs. (GTW) 300–500 lbs. (TW) Minivans

Class III

Class IV

Class V

4,000 lbs. (GTW) 350 lbs. (TW) Mid Size Cars Small Pick Ups Minivans

5,000–10,000 lbs. (GTW) 500–1,000 lbs. (TW) Pick Ups SUV's

14,000 lbs. (GTW) 1,700 lbs. (TW) 20,000 lbs. (GTW) 2,000 lbs. (TW)

Also see Hitch Selection chart on page 8

GROSS TRAILER WEIGHT (GTW) & TONGUE WEIGHT (TW)

20

TRAILER TOWING SAFETY TIPS

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