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UN’s role in promoting the global development agenda, in particular the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. They stressed the respective prerogatives and functions of the General Assembly, the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council as defined in the Charter and the need for modalities to enhance the co- ordination among these organs which constituted the framework for the achievements of the purposes of the United Nations.

  • 29.

    The Ministers noted with concern the continuing lack of progress in the discussions in the General Assembly on the question of equitable representation and increase in the membership of the Security Council, and other matters related to the Security Council. These discussions have shown that, while a convergence of views has emerged on a number of issues, major differences still exist on many others. They called on the Permanent Representatives of the NAM Member States in New York to continue, in the ensuing negotiations in the Open-Ended Working Group, to pursue NAM directives adopted during the XI, XII and XIII Summits, which have been contained in the Movement's position and negotiating papers and the decisions of the Ministerial Conferences and Ministerial Meetings. They requested the Working Group to continue its consideration of the issue.

  • 30.

    The Ministers expressed their support for the work of the Office of the Special Advisor on Africa in the discharge of its responsibilities to co-ordinate the UN support to Africa, guide reporting on Africa and co-ordinate global advocacy in support of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) and called on the United Nations entities to mobilise additional resources to fully fund their activities in support of NEPAD.

  • 31.

    The Ministers reiterated the Movement’s position that the imposition of sanctions is an issue of serious concern for Non-Aligned Countries. They reaffirmed that the imposition of sanctions in accordance with the United Nations Charter should be considered only after all means of peaceful settlement of disputes under Chapter VI of the United Nations Charter have been exhausted and a thorough consideration undertaken of the short-term and long-term effects of such sanctions. Sanctions are a blunt instrument, the use of which raises fundamental ethical questions of whether sufferings inflicted on vulnerable groups in the target country are legitimate means of exerting pressure. The objectives of sanctions are not to punish or otherwise exact retribution. In this regard, they reiterated that the objectives of sanctions regimes should be clearly defined. These should be imposed for a specified time frame and be based on tenable legal grounds and should be lifted as soon as the objectives are achieved. The conditions demanded of the country or party on which sanctions are imposed should be clearly defined and subject to periodic review. Attempts to impose or to prolong the application of sanctions to achieve political ends should be rejected.

  • 32.

    The Ministers reaffirmed their commitment expressed in the United Nations Millennium Declaration, to work collectively for the promotion of democracy and for more inclusive political processes allowing genuine participation by all citizens in all countries. They reiterated that democracy is based on the free will of the people to determine their own political, economic, social and cultural systems and their full participation in all aspects of their lives. They affirmed that while all democracies share common features, there is no one model of democracy. They expressed their conviction that within the international co-operation for the promotion of democracy, only those processes established on the basis of respect to the principles enshrined in the UN Charter and on transparency,


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