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and reiterated the Movement’s longstanding position that the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security resides with the United Nations and that the role of regional arrangements, in that regard, should be in accordance with Chapter VIII of the United Nations Charter, and should not in any way substitute the role of the United Nations, or circumvent the full application of the guiding principles of United Nations peacekeeping.

  • 38.

    The Ministers reaffirmed that peacekeeping constitutes an important instrument at the disposal of the Organisation in fulfilling its responsibility, and stressed the need to avoid selectivity and double standards in establishing United Nations peacekeeping operations, especially in Africa. They recognised the challenges in adequately addressing the needs in major conflicts and emphasised the need for the UN to be fully engaged. They stressed that the international community should be responsive and shoulder the responsibilities. In this regard, and within the framework of the predicted surge in peacekeeping activities in Africa, the Ministers called upon NAM member states to continue to provide direct contributions to the United Nations peacekeeping operations in Africa and for the UN to support the regional comprehensive strategies pursued by the African Union in the continent.

  • 39.

    The Ministers continued to believe that peacekeeping operations should not be used as a substitute for addressing the root causes of conflict, which should be addressed in a coherent, well-planned, co-ordinated and comprehensive manner, with other political, social economic and developmental instruments. They further maintained that consideration should be given by the United Nations to the manner by which those efforts can continue without interruption after the departure of peacekeeping operations, so as to ensure a smooth transition to lasting peace and security.

  • 40.

    The Ministers recognised that the increasing complexity and multidimensional nature of ongoing peacekeeping operations posed several challenges, including the issue of safety and security of peacekeeping personnel. They emphasised the need for the United Nations to plan and manage peacekeeping operations effectively, and to deploy the operation rapidly, taking into account the need to consider a specific but flexible timeframe, after the adoption of a United Nations mandate.

  • 41.

    The Ministers reaffirmed the position that the funding of United Nations peacekeeping operations through voluntary contributions should not influence United Nations Security Council decisions to establish peacekeeping operations or affect their mandates.

  • 42.

    The Ministers welcomed the establishment of consultations between troop contributing countries and the Security Council, and called for their institutionalisation. In keeping with this objective, they urged the Security Council to implement, without delay, proposals for establishing a new mechanism for such co-operation, as envisaged in the Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations, and in the proposals made by a number of troop contributing countries. As a first step, they called for the effective implementation of the mechanisms laid down in Security Council Resolution 1353

    • (2001)

      and in the Note of the President of the Security Council dated 14 January, 2002 (S/2002/56).

  • 43.

    The Ministers expressed the Movement’s belief that the Security Council should ascertain the views of prospective troop contributing countries before and during the


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