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XIV MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE OF THE NON-ALIGNED MOVEMENT (MIDTERM REVIEW) - page 16 / 74

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58.

The Ministers expressed their strong concern at the growing resort to unilateralism and unilaterally imposed prescriptions and in this context strongly underlined and affirmed that multilateralism and multilaterally agreed solutions, in accordance with the United Nations Charter, provided the only sustainable method of addressing disarmament and international security issues. In this regard, they welcomed the adoption of Resolution 58/44 by the General Assembly on the “Promotion of Multilateralism in the Area of Disarmament and Non-proliferation”.

59.

The Ministers remained deeply concerned at strategic defence doctrines that set out rationales for the use of nuclear weapons. They remained deeply concerned over the "Alliance Strategic Concept" adopted by North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) in April 1999, which not only maintain unjustifiable concepts on international security based on promoting and developing military alliances and policies of nuclear deterrence, but also includes new elements aimed at opening even more the scope for possible use or threat of use of force by NATO.

60.

In the context of the Nuclear Posture Review that has been undertaken by the United States of America, the Ministers expressed serious concern that the development of new types of nuclear weapons are being considered and reiterated that the provision for the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons against Non-Nuclear Weapon States is in contravention of the security assurances that have been provided by the Nuclear Weapons States. They restated that the development of new types of nuclear weapons is in contravention with the undertakings provided by the Nuclear Weapons States at the time of the conclusion of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty that the Treaty would prevent the improvement of existing nuclear weapons and development of new types of nuclear weapons.

61.

The Ministers reiterated their principled positions on nuclear disarmament and the related issue of nuclear non-proliferation and stressed the importance that the efforts aiming at non-proliferation should be parallel to simultaneous efforts aiming at nuclear disarmament. They also reiterated deep concern over the slow pace of progress towards nuclear disarmament, which remains their highest priority. They also expressed their concern about the lack of progress by the Nuclear Weapon States to accomplish the elimination of their nuclear arsenals leading to nuclear disarmament. They also stressed their concern at the threat to humanity derived from the continued existence of nuclear weapons and of their possible use or threat of use. The Ministers underscored the need for the Nuclear Weapon States to implement the unequivocal undertaking that they provided in 2000 so as to accomplish the total elimination of nuclear weapons and emphasised, in this regard, the urgent need to commence negotiations without delay.

62.

The Ministers, while noting the signing of the Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reduction between the Russian Federation and the United States on 24 May 2002, stressed that reductions in deployments and in operational status cannot substitute for irreversible cuts in, and the total elimination of, nuclear weapons.

63.

The Ministers reaffirmed that in efforts towards the objective of nuclear disarmament, global and regional approaches and confidence building measures complement each other and should, wherever possible, be pursued simultaneously to promote regional and international peace and security.

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