Security and Co-operation in the Mediterranean
On developments in the Mediterranean region, the Ministers reiterated the Movement’s determination to intensify the process of dialogue and consultations in the promotion of comprehensive and equitable co-operation in the region towards resolving the problems existing in the Mediterranean region, in the elimination of the causes of tension and the consequent threat to peace and security, respect for self determination, elimination of foreign occupation, foreign bases and fleets, non-interference in the internal affairs and respect for the sovereignty of states as prerequisites for the establishment of peace and stability in the Mediterranean region. In this regard, they welcomed the various conferences held as part of the Barcelona process in order to provide a strong stimulus to relations in the Euro Mediterranean region and to give this process a comprehensive, balanced and multidimensional approach based on the necessary balance between the three parts of Barcelona Declaration. They considered that the Euro – Mediterranean Partnership (EMP) constitutes a comprehensive approach combining political, economic, social and cultural dialogue and co-operation between both shores. They reiterated the importance of dialogue and co-operation to ensure peace, stability, security and shared prosperity in the Mediterranean region.
They welcomed the consultations within the (5+5) framework and stressed the importance of their continuation with the aim of contributing to finding solutions to common concerns, including economic and technological inequalities between the countries in the region. In this regard, they welcomed the final declaration of the Summit 5 + 5 held in Tunisia on 5-6 December 2003 in which Heads of State and Government of Western Mediterranean countries resolved to promote peace, stability and prosperity in the region and to enhance co-operation and partnership.
LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN
South American Zone of Peace and Co-operation
The Ministers reaffirmed the importance of the decision of the Presidents of South America, adopted at their second meeting, held in Guayaquil, Ecuador, on 27 July 2002, to declare South America as a Zone of Peace and Co-operation, as well as its recognition by the General Assembly through Resolution 57/13 that the establishment of this Zone of Peace and Co-operation will help to strengthen international peace and security and promote the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
The Ministers welcomed the efforts of the people and the Government of Bolivia in strengthening its Democracy and strongly committing their support for the social, economic and political development of that country.
The Ministers again called upon the Government of the United States of America to put an end to the economic, commercial and financial embargo against Cuba which, in addition to being unilateral and contrary to the UN Charter and international law, and to the principle of neighbourliness, causing huge material losses and economic damage to the people of Cuba. The Ministers once again urged strict compliance with the Resolutions 47/19, 48/16, 49/9, 50/10, 51/17, 52/10, 53/4, 54/21, 55/20, 56/9, 57/11 and