CHAPTER I: GLOBAL ISSUES
The international context since the Kuala Lumpur Summit
The Ministers emphasised that the international situation continues to be marked by rapid and dramatic evolution, presenting numerous opportunities and challenges to the international community and the Non-Aligned Movement. They reaffirmed the positions expressed in the Final Document of the XIII Kuala Lumpur Summit on the Review of the International Situation, and reiterated the determination of their leaders to make every effort to further strengthen the Movement’s capacity for action and to develop concrete modalities to enhance the influence and impact of its decisions on world affairs.
The Ministers reiterated the importance of the promotion and strengthening of the multilateral process, and addressing of international challenges and problems by strictly abiding by the United Nations Charter and the principles of international law and further stressed their commitment to multilateralism. In this regard, they also stressed the vital role of the United Nations in the maintenance of international peace and security and the strengthening of international co-operation as was reaffirmed in United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 58/317 of 5 August 2004. They expressed their rejection
of unilateralism, international law, certain countries
which is increasingly leading to the to the use and threat of use of force and as a means to achieving their policy
erosion and violation of
and coercion by
condemned labelling of countries as good unjustified criteria and reiterated their firm
or evil and repressive based on unilateral and condemnation of all unilateral military actions
without proper authorisation from the United Nations Security Council, as well as threats of military action against the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence
Member States violations of the
of the Movement which constitute acts of aggression and principle of non-intervention and non-interference. They also
condemned unfounded biased accusations by certain countries Movement and underscored the dangers those accusations might and stability.
against members of the entail for peace, security
The Ministers, recalling the commitment to strengthening multilateralism expressed in the UN General Assembly resolution A/Res/58/317 on “Strengthening of the United Nations system”, called for evolving common perceptions and agreed approaches to address both the new and existing threats to international peace and security. In this regard, while underscoring that the process of UN reform should not take place at the expense of the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, the Ministers emphasized the need for institutional reforms in the UN system which should promote greater democracy, effectiveness, efficiency, transparency, and accountability.
The Ministers reiterated the rejection by the Non-Aligned Movement of the so-called “right” of humanitarian intervention, which has no basis either in United Nations Charter or in international law and requested the Co-ordinating Bureau (CoB) in New York to continue to be seized with this issue as well as other related matters in accordance with the principled position of the Non-Aligned Movement; they also observed similarities between the new expression “responsibility to protect” and “humanitarian intervention” and requested the Co-ordinating Bureau to carefully study and consider the expression “the responsibility to protect” and its implications on the basis of the principles of non- interference and non-intervention as well as the respect for territorial integrity and