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The Ministers drew the attention of the international community to the need for international action to protect the Dead Sea and prevent any further environmental degradation of its ecosystem through concessional grants.


The Ministers welcomed the entry into force of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and called for measures by the international community to help developing countries with its implementation. The Ministers called for an early completion of the process of elaboration of the international legal regime, within the framework of the CBD, to promote and safeguard the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilisation of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge as agreed in the World Summit on Sustainable Development. They also urged the implementation of the work programme arising from the Jakarta Mandate on the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Marine and Coastal Biological Diversity.

(UNCCD VI) held in Havana, Cuba from 25th August to the 5th of September 2003, and stressed the importance of its decision to accept the Global Environment Facility as a financial mechanism of the Convention. They further stressed the need to strengthen the UNCCD as a global sustainable development convention in an effort to eradicate poverty and called for the provision of adequate and predictable financial resources, transfer of technology, and capacity building, for its effective implementation, particularly in Africa, in order to restore land for agriculture to address poverty resulting from land degradation. The Ministers welcomed the recognition of land degradation as a new focal area of the


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stressed the need for the GEF address the increasing needs.


The Ministers agreed that the climate change and its adverse effects are among the most important global challenges to humanity. The Ministers recalled the legally binding commitments for the Annex one parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to reduce their emissions of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) as contained in Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol. They urged the international community to make every effort to ensure the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol in accordance with the Millennium Declaration. The Ministers reiterated their categorical rejection of all attempts by some developed countries to link their ratifications of the Kyoto Protocol with the question of participation by developing countries in the reduction of GHG


  • 253.

    The Ministers welcomed the Marrakech Declaration and the Marrakech Accord adopted at the Seventh Conference of the Parties of the Climate Change Convention held in Marrakech in November 2001, and also welcomed the Delhi Ministerial Declaration on Climate Change and Sustainable Development adopted at the Eighth Conference of the Parties held in India in October/November 2002. They further noted that at the XVIIII Conference of the States Parties to the UNFCCC, many parties included in their reports activities to adapt to climate change. The Ministers emphasized the need to provide support to developing countries in these efforts.

  • 254.

    The Ministers once again urged Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer to comply with its requirements and amendments, and to provide affordable, accessible, cost-effective, safe and environmentally sound alternatives to ozone depleting substances before 2010 in order to assist Article 5


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