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countries in complying with the phase-out schedule under the Protocol.

Food Security

  • 255.

    The Ministers reaffirmed the Movement’s view that the right to food is a fundamental human right and its promotion and implementation constitute a moral imperative for the international community. They emphatically rejected the use of food as an instrument of economic or political pressure. They reiterated the Movement’s concern over the large number of people, in particular children, who suffer from hunger and malnutrition. They welcomed the adoption of the Declaration of the World Food Summit: five years later, entitled International Alliance Against Hunger, adopted in June 2002, which affirmed the global commitment of reducing by half the number of undernourished by the year 2015.

  • 256.

    The Ministers expressed their deep concern over the current situation of the negotiating process of the Intergovernmental Working Group set up to define The Voluntary Guidelines to Support the Progressive Realization of the Right to Adequate Food in the Context of the National Food Security held in Rome, from 5 to 9 July 2004, which has been unable to finish its work due to the lack of political will of developed countries, in particular, in matters related to the reference of the right to food to parties in armed conflicts in the occupied territories, and the international responsibility of developed world in the full realization of the right to food.


The Ministers noted that the issues of implementation of the Uruguay Round Agreement concerning agriculture remain marginalised in negotiations at the WTO. They expressed deep concern over the continuation of the negative impact of the Agreement on Agriculture, which is impeding the realisation of the right to development and the right to food. The Ministers, noted with deep appreciation the report of the High Commissioner for Human Rights on Globalisation and its Impact on the Full Enjoyment of Human Rights, presented to the 58th session of the Commission on Human Rights, in which the High Commissioner had noted the negative impact of the Agreement on Agriculture on Food Security, on the effective realisation of the Right to Development and the Right to Health. They encouraged the High Commissioner and his office to continue with his endeavours in this regard and to bring the report to the attention of the relevant international organisation especially the WTO.

Science and Technology

  • 258.

    The Ministers expressed the Movement’s deep concern over the increasing disparity in science and technology capacities between rich and poor nations posing a serious impediment to the development of developing countries, and called for a strengthening of the United Nations Commission on Science and Technology for Development to enable it to be more effective in supporting and assisting the developing countries in their national efforts to enhance research and development, particularly in the fields of health, education and agriculture. They stressed the need for the urgent operationalisation of commitments to transfer technology to developing countries on concessional, preferential and favourable terms.

  • 259.

    The Ministers affirmed that for developing countries to achieve the development goals defined in the Millennium Declaration, they should have access to new and emerging technologies as well as to help them build and nurture scientific and technological


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