them to ratify and implement the treaty and to facilitate repatriation.
International Drug Control
The Ministers reiterated that on account of its trans-boundary and international nature, the global illicit drug problem can only be dealt with effectively through international co- operation based on the principles enshrined in the United Nations Charter and the principle of shared responsibility in which national measures are in accordance with an integral and balanced global response to the global narcotic and illicit drug problem. They also continue to be concerned about the threat posed by the global illicit drug problem and related crimes and remain steadfast in their determination to take effective measures to counter the illicit production of, trafficking in and consumption of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and money laundering. They also stressed that the illicit drug chain begins with the insufficiently controlled trade of precursors and essential chemical substances for the production of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, and is completed with the laundering of money through the international, financial and commercial channels. In this regard, they emphasised the importance of strengthening control on trade in precursors and essential chemical substances, sharing of information on prevention and suppression measures, and enhancing international co-operation to support alternative development programmes, which should include the link between extreme poverty, crime, illicit crop cultivation and drug abuse.
The Ministers also reiterated the Movement’s call on the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and developed countries to fully support developing countries in their fight against cultivation, production, trafficking and transit of illicit drugs, through providing them with adequate financial and technical assistance. In this context, they stressed that the sustainability of alternative development programmes requires also access to markets of developed countries under competitive conditions.
The Ministers also remained committed to the pledge undertaken at the XI Summit to strengthen international co-operation to eradicate the growing and dangerous links between terrorist groups, drug traffickers and their paramilitary gangs, and other armed criminal groups which have resorted to all types of violence, thus undermining the democratic institutions of States and violating basic human rights. Effective measures must be taken to halt the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons, which is linked to illicit drug trafficking and which is generating unacceptable levels of crime and violence affecting the national security and the economies of many States.
The Ministers reaffirmed the Movement’s determination to fully implement the Final Document of the 20th Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly, on the basis of the principles of shared responsibility for addressing the demand and supply-side of narcotic drug trafficking, in conformity with principles and purposes enshrined in the United Nations Charter and other international instruments, in particular respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, and non-interference in the internal affairs of States.
Global Road Safety
323. The Ministers welcomed the adoption of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 58/289 of 14 April 2004 on “Improving Global Road Safety” as an important step by the international community to address this issue.