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(b)Limiting or preventing the intentional use of mercury except in artisanal mining activities until appropriate and affordable technology is transferred to the said sector;

(c)Limiting or preventing use of obsolete technology and requiring use of best available techniques and best environmental practices to reduce or prevent mercury releases into air and water;

(d) Gradual phasing-out of mercury already in use and mercury-containing products, after promoting the development of effective and affordable mercury substitutes and alternative technology.

Control Measures

A. Controlling mercury releases through end-of-pipe technologies

Monitoring of mercury varies depending on the technical and economic capacity of the country. In the Philippines, mercury emissions and releases may be controlled through:


Limiting or preventing mercury from processes from being released directly into the environment, air, water and soil through emission control techniques


Limiting or preventing emissions of mercury from combustion of fossil fuels and processing of mineral materials by emission control technology, or by regulatory measures;


Limiting or preventing the release of mercury from processes into the wastewater treatment system;


Controlling, confirming and improving the efficiency of measures for limiting or preventing mercury emissions and releases through end-of-pipe technology


Establishing emission standards and suitable cost-effective environmental monitoring systems


Controlling releases of SO2, NOx, PM often times control mercury also.


Establishing a strict reporting and monitoring apparatus for mercury releases, and creating a mechanism where communities within affected area can exercise legal right to information about the releases by the particular facility or industry.

B. Mercury waste management

Measures to reduce and/or eliminate mercury in wastes through mercury waste management might include:

(a) Limiting or preventing mercury in products and process waste from being mixed with less hazardous waste in the general waste stream, by separate collection and treatment;

(b) Limiting or preventing mercury in products and process waste from being released directly into the environment, by efficient waste collection;

(c) Limiting or preventing mercury releases into the environment through treatment of household waste, hazardous waste and medical waste, by emission control technology;

(d) Limiting the mercury content in sewage sludge spread on agricultural land

(e) Limiting or preventing remarketing of wastes containing mercury;

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