DENR has an Administrative Order No. 38, Series of 1997 - Chemical Control Order (CCO) for Mercury and Mercury Compounds, which is currently being reviewed for revision. Though promulgated 10 years ago, it has yet to be fully enforced and now some of its provisions have to be updated to reflect the economic situation of the country. A database has been set up to prepare an inventory of mercury use and importation in the Philippines but to date it has limited content.
This Hg CCO applies to the importation, manufacture, processing, use and distribution of mercury and mercury compounds. It also addresses the treatment, storage and disposal of mercury-bearing or mercury contaminated wastes in the Philippines. This order was limited to the following sectors: (a) importers and distributors, (b) manufacturers, processors and industrial users, (c) transporters, and (d) treaters and disposers.
This Hg CCO identified the following as permitted end users of mercury in the Philippines : chlor -alkali plants, mining and metallurgical industries, electrical apparatus (lamps, arc rectifiers, battery cells and others), industrial and control instruments, pharmaceutical, paint manufacturing, pulp and paper manufacturing, dental amalgam, industrial catalyst, pesticides (fungicide) production or formulation.
Presidential Decree (PD) 1152 - Philippine Environmental Code (1977)
Presidential Decree (PD) 1152, “the Philippine Environmental Code,” which took effect in 1977, provides a basis for an integrated waste management regulation starting from waste source to methods of disposal. PD 1152 has further mandated specific guidelines to manage municipal wastes (solid and liquid), sanitary landfill and incineration, and disposal sites in the Philippines.
Republic Act 6969 - Toxic Substances, Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act (1990)
In 1990, the Philippine Congress enacted the Toxic Substances, Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act, commonly known as Republic Act (RA) 6969, a law designed to respond to increasing problems associated with toxic chemicals, hazardous and nuclear wastes. RA 6969 mandates control and management of import, manufacture, process, distribution, use, transport, treatment, and disposal of toxic substances and hazardous and nuclear wastes in the country. The Act seeks to protect public health and the environment from unreasonable risks posed by these substances in the Philippines.
There are other policies that directly or indirectly regulate mercury use and emissions in the Philippines but they could be the basis for more specific regulations. These are the following laws and their respective implementing rules and regulations:
PD 984 (Pollution Control Law of 1976)
PD 1586 (Environmental Impact Assessment System Law of 1978)
RA 8749 (Clean Air Act of 1998)
RA 9003 (Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2001)
RA 9275 (Clean Water Act of 2004)
Amendment to Rule 1030 of the OSH Standard and Article 162 Book IV of the Labor Code of the Philippines PD No. 442
Goal and Objectives