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KEYWORDS: Copepods; UVB; Visible light; Life cycle; Feeding - page 5 / 16

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Developmental stage

Light response

Significance of light response, P

Significance of starvation acclimation to light response intensification, P

Significance of duration of light acclimation to light response intensification, P

Feeding preferences

Water layer

Darkness Light

Omnivore 2/2 2/2 2/2 2/2 2/2 2/2 2/2 Predominantly

CI-CV CVI CI-CVI CI-CV CVI CVI CI-CV CI-CIII Np

Photic 2/2 2/2 2/2 2/2 2/2 2/2 2/2 2/2

þ þ þ þ 2 2 þ þ þ

** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **

0.051 0.06 0.14 ** 0.07 0.17 0.34 No data *

* * 0.64 0.75 0.79 0.42 0.55 * 0.08

* * 0.10 0.65 0.23 0.14 0.17 0.15 0.25

herbivore Omnivore 2/2 2/2 2/2 Predominantly

CVI CI-CV CIV-CV CIV-CV Np

2/2 2/2 2/2 2/2 2/2

2 þ þ 2 þ

** ** ** ** **

** ** 0.23 0.43 No data

** ** 0.65 0.77 **

0.25 0.15 0.12 0.23 0.15

herbivore 2/2 Omnivore ? ? ? ? Predominantly

CIV CIV-CV CI-CV CI-CV CVI CVI CI-CVI

aphotic 2/2 photic aphotic 2/2 photic 2/2

2 2 0 0 0 0 þ

** ** ** ** ** * **

0.35 0.65 0.23 0.44 0.56 0.55 0.78

0.41 0.12 0.46 0.89 0.45 0.45 0.32

0.50 0.16 0.67 0.88 0.33 0.53 0.98

herbivore? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

larvae CI-CVI CI-CVI CI-CV CI-CV CVI CI-CV CI-CVI

2/2 2/2 aphotic photic 2/2 aphotic 2/2 photic

þ þ þ þ þ þ þ þ

** ** ** ** ** ** ** *

No data No data No data No data ** No data No data No data

0.93 0.83 0.96 ** ** 0.21 * 0.66

0.82 0.70 0.98 0.34 0.55 0.46 0.44 0.52

able I: Light-induced (red and yellow visible light, 560–680 nm) behavioral responses of investigated zooplankton species inhabiting the White Sea

Species and their biogeographical characteristic

Season

Acartia spp., boreal

August

Centropages hamatus, boreal

October August

October

Temora longicornis, boreal

May August

October

Calanus glacialis, arctic

May

Metridia longa, arctic Oncaea borealis, arctic

August October March

Evadne nordmanni, boreal

August October August

Polychaeta, various Oithona similis, eurybiont

May March

May August

October

Continued

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D. M. MARTYNOVA AND A. V. GORDEEVA

j

LIGHT-DEPENDENT BEHAVIOR OF ABUNDANT ZOOPLANKTON SPECIES

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