X hits on this document





12 / 28

Mission Statement: Provide the highest level of safety, and protect public health and the environment from toxic harm.

enforcement. Professor Malcolm K. Sparrow, faculty chair of the Executive Program on Strategic Management of Regulatory and Enforcement Agencies at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, refers to community policing as “a police department striving for an absence of crime and disorder and concerned with, and sensitive to, the quality of life in the community. It perceives the community as an agent and partner in promoting security rather than as a passive audience.” 15

James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling coauthored the seminal work, “Broken Windows,” that posits if a window in a building is broken and left unrepaired, the remaining windows will soon be broken. In other words, environmental problems left unattended do not go away; they become worse and environmental violations increase. The public expects government to provide public safety, to protect it from ————————

Like other Californians, this San Bernardino resident looks to government to safeguard her environment and protect against health hazards.

environmental harm and health risks.16 The idea, as Wilson and Kelling put it, is to foster health rather than treat illness:17

15Malcolm K. Sparrow, “Implementing Community Policing,” Perspectives on Policing, No. 9, November 1988, National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice, and the Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. (Emphasis added.) Sparrow points out that other areas of enforcement are effectively using new policing models: There is a “new pattern of behavior emerging. … Increasingly, we see police agencies, environmental agencies, occupational safety, and even customs officials focusing deliberately on specific, carefully identified problems. They are learning to spot very specific patterns of hazard or risk concentrations, whether these “knots” are crime problems, or specific environmental issues, occupational hazards, or patterns of drugsmuggling. What these agencies are learning to do – and which they find organizationally quite awkward – is to spot specific issues, study their structure, and devise tailormade interventions. When they act in that way, the solutions they invent usually represent substantial departures from their agency’s businessasusual. When they do this well, you see these almost surgical interventions producing significant reductions, sometimes the complete disappearance of a specific pattern of harm – all as a result of this type of disciplined thinking, consciously focused on subcomponents of some general class of harm.” Controlling Risk (June 5, 2008) http://www.hks.harvard.edu/newsevents/publications/ insight/management/malcolmsparrow (Emphasis added).

Communitybased policing means that “the function of the police is to solve problems that have law enforcement consequences in a way that is based on a genuine partnership with the neighborhood in both the venting of the problem and the discussion of the solution.” “Identifying . . . problems and discussing solutions for them will be a collaborative effort.” “The technique that police use – within broad limits – is almost irrelevant to the argument. The point is that it is to be proactive, problemoriented, and neighborhood based. 18 ——————————————16 See Public Policy Institute of California’s 2007 survey, “Latino Attitudes and the Environment” at http:// www.ppic.org/content/pubs/jtf/ JTF_LatinoAttitudesEnvironmentJTF.pdf and the Institute’s 2009 survey “Californians and the Environment” at http://www.ppic.org/main/publication.asp?i=906

17 James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling, “Broken Windows,” Atlantic Monthly (March, 1982) at http:// www.theatlantic.com/doc/198203/brokenwindows/2.




Document info
Document views34
Page views34
Page last viewedSun Oct 23 21:00:24 UTC 2016