Mission Statement: Provide the highest level of safety, and protect public health and the environment from toxic harm.
enforcement. Professor Malcolm K. Sparrow, faculty chair of the Executive Program on Strate‐ gic Management of Regulatory and Enforcement Agencies at Harvard University’s John F. Ken‐ nedy School of Government, refers to commu‐ nity policing as “a police department striving for an absence of crime and disorder and concerned with, and sensitive to, the quality of life in the community. It perceives the community as an agent and partner in promoting security rather than as a passive audience.” 15
James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling coauthored the seminal work, “Broken Win‐ dows,” that posits if a window in a building is broken and left unrepaired, the remaining win‐ dows will soon be broken. In other words, envi‐ ronmental problems left unattended do not go away; they become worse and environmental violations increase. The public expects govern‐ ment to provide public safety, to protect it from ————————
Like other Californians, this San Bernardino resident looks to government to safeguard her environment and protect against health hazards.
environmental harm and health risks.16 The idea, as Wilson and Kelling put it, is to foster health rather than treat illness:17
15Malcolm K. Sparrow, “Implementing Community Polic‐ ing,” Perspectives on Policing, No. 9, November 1988, Na‐ tional Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice, and the Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. (Emphasis added.) Sparrow points out that other areas of enforcement are effectively using new policing models: There is a “new pattern of behavior emerging. … Increas‐ ingly, we see police agencies, environmental agencies, occu‐ pational safety, and even customs officials focusing deliber‐ ately on specific, carefully identified problems. They are learning to spot very specific patterns of hazard or risk con‐ centrations, whether these “knots” are crime problems, or specific environmental issues, occupational hazards, or pat‐ terns of drug‐smuggling. What these agencies are learning to do – and which they find organizationally quite awkward – is to spot specific issues, study their structure, and devise tailor‐ made interventions. When they act in that way, the solutions they invent usually represent substantial departures from their agency’s business‐as‐usual. When they do this well, you see these almost surgical interventions producing significant reductions, sometimes the complete disappearance of a spe‐ cific pattern of harm – all as a result of this type of disciplined thinking, consciously focused on subcomponents of some general class of harm.” Controlling Risk (June 5, 2008) http://www.hks.harvard.edu/news‐events/publications/ insight/management/malcolm‐sparrow (Emphasis added).
Community‐based policing means that “the function of the police is to solve problems that have law enforcement consequences in a way that is based on a genuine partnership with the neighborhood in both the venting of the problem and the dis‐ cussion of the solution.” “Identifying . . . problems and discussing solutions for them will be a collaborative effort.” “The technique that police use – within broad limits – is almost irrelevant to the argument. The point is that it is to be proactive, problem‐oriented, and neigh‐ borhood based. 18 ——————————————‐ 16 See Public Policy Institute of California’s 2007 survey, “Latino Attitudes and the Environment” at http:// www.ppic.org/content/pubs/jtf/ JTF_LatinoAttitudesEnvironmentJTF.pdf and the Insti‐ tute’s 2009 survey “Californians and the Environment” at http://www.ppic.org/main/publication.asp?i=906
17 James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling, “Broken Win‐ dows,” Atlantic Monthly (March, 1982) at http:// www.theatlantic.com/doc/198203/broken‐windows/2.