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THE EFFECTS OF RECIPROCAL TEACHING ON ENGLISH READING - page 107 / 233

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  • Clarifying helps me a lot in reading. If I didn’t know the words, I used context clues and my own knowledge.

  • Summarizing helps me comprehend the text better. I summarized by connecting each main idea.

Regarding the after-reading stage, all students agreed that summarizing was important

for reading because by doing so, they could see the whole picture of a reading passage.

Moreover, they evaluated their understanding. Additionally, when they did the exercises

and could not answer the questions, they went back to the part of the passage that related

to the questions to find out the answers.

The answers to interview question 11 show that the students had positive views on

reciprocal teaching and on working in groups. They learnt to act as leaders from the

teacher’s explicit teaching and from their friends who previously acted as leaders. They

enjoyed working with their friends and helping each other as they could reflect and share

their ideas with others. They experienced the leader role and also worked as a member of

the group. Moreover, they felt relaxed to work with their friends. They improved their use

of the four key strategies from working in cooperative groups. The following are

examples of some participants’ views.

  • We could help each other when in groups. It was enjoyable and I felt relaxed. We worked together to complete our task. Working in groups also helped my weak friends to comprehend the text.

  • Working in a group helped me to be a leader and to know what I should do while being a leader. I was eager to act like a teacher and prepared myself to help my friends understand the passage. After being a leader, I reached a conclusion or asked my friends to draw it in order to evaluate their understanding.

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