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THE EFFECTS OF RECIPROCAL TEACHING ON ENGLISH READING - page 169 / 233

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LESSON PLAN 1

(Experimental Group)

OBJECTIVE Students will be able to describe what the four key strategies are and how to use

them.

CONTENT

1

2

The reciprocal teaching approach consists of two main features. The first feature includes four strategies (summarizing, generating questions, predicting, and clarifying) that help readers develop their reading comprehension. The second feature of the reciprocal approach is called scaffolding, Scaffolding is an instructional process in which a teacher acts as a model of reading to help students read. That is, before students are ready to read, will be taught to what the four strategies are and they will also participate using these four strategies. There are four key strategies that readers use when they meet with problems while reading. These four key strategies are summarizing, clarifying, questioning and predicting. In the summarizing process, students will be taught to identify the most important ideas or the main idea of a text. In the generating questions process, students will be taught to construct questions related to the main idea or the important information of a text. This process will help readers check their understanding of the text being read. In the process of making predictions, students will be taught to link their background knowledge (schemata) to the new information or the knowledge found in the text, and will be taught to find some clues in the text to predict what it is about. In the clarification process, students will be taught to restore meaning by using context clues when there is comprehension breakdown or confusion.

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