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THE EFFECTS OF RECIPROCAL TEACHING ON ENGLISH READING - page 177 / 233

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2. Vocabulary There are two ways to help you clarify the unknown vocabulary: word formation and context clue. 1. The poor boy knows what he wants to say but he just cannot articulate it.

articulate = clues =

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2. I wonder how you can extol, or praise, such sloppy work.

extol = clues =

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

3. Bob enjoys aquatic sports such as swimming and sailing.

aquatic

=

clues

=

______________________ ______________________

Exercise 1. Read the following paragraphs and clarify each reference word.

1. Teaching methods in nursery schools differ from those of elementary and high schools. The children in nursery schools spend most of their time playing or in activities they have chosen instead of doing work assigned by the teacher. The classroom of a nursery school also looks different. Instead of rows of chairs and desks, it has areas called activity centers. Each has different equipment and materials for the children to use.

those = ____________________ they = ____________________ Each = ____________________ 2. As its name Suggests, shorthand is a shortened form of writing for speedily recording the spoken word. Shorthand was employed as early as the first century BC when Marcus Tiro, secretary to Cicero, the Roman orator, invented his own system that soon came into general use. Today the two best known systems are Pitmen and Gregg, in which symbols are used to represent the sounds of words or entire phrases. their it = = _________________ _________________

its

=

his

=

____________________

_________________

that

=

which =

____________________

_________________

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