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THE EFFECTS OF RECIPROCAL TEACHING ON ENGLISH READING - page 179 / 233

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9. The main idea may be stated in part of a sentence-that is, in a clause or in

phrase. Part of a sentence clues

= =

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

______________________ 10. Some birds such as the condor – a large South American bird-eat the meat of dead animals. condor clues = = ______________________ ______________________

Summarization

A summary consists of one or two sentences. It identifies the most important ideas/main idea of the passage. A good summary does not include details that are not important. Summarization is used to help you to understand the main ideas of the text in order to comprehend the whole pictures of what you have read and to guide you for your further reading. You should think of what the paragraph/text is mostly about. Find a topic sentence and construct a sentence that reflects the most important information in the paragraph.

The main idea of a paragraph is usually stated by one of the sentences in the paragraph. The main idea sentence is commonly known as “a topic sentence” or “topic statement.” It may appear in one of several paces in the paragraph. Most frequently the first sentence of a paragraph states the main idea.

Exercise Read the following paragraph and make note of the main idea for each paragraph.

1. In the 1960s, satellites helped build a global communications network. How we have audio cassettes, video cassettes, computers, e-mail, telex and fax machines, too. And many people log on to the “Web.” In fact, we have everything we need for instant worldwide communication-except one single language! Main idea: In the 1960s, satellites helped build a global communications network.

However, the main idea sentence may also appear in other places: in the middle or at the end of a paragraph.

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