X hits on this document

PDF document

THE EFFECTS OF RECIPROCAL TEACHING ON ENGLISH READING - page 39 / 233

740 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

39 / 233

25

groups of students learn to improve their reading comprehension through scaffold

instruction of comprehension-monitoring strategies” (p. 669).

From the definitions above, it can be concluded that reciprocal teaching is a

scaffolded discussion method that is based on reading comprehension strategies,

scaffolding and modeling, and social interaction. This instruction allows a teacher to

model and give the students enough practice on those four main strategies to construct the

meaning of a text in a social setting. The students monitor their own thinking through the

reading process. Reciprocal teaching develops reading comprehension and promotes

readers to be better in reading and helps them reach the most important goal of reciprocal

teaching, becoming independent readers.

Reciprocal Teaching and Reading Comprehension

Palincsar and Brown (1984) explained that the purpose of reciprocal teaching is to

promote the readers’ ability to construct meaning from texts and facilitate the monitoring

of their path to comprehension. It is based on a sociocultural method through which

readers are modeled, explained, and guided in acquiring strategies within a social,

supportive environment. Moreover, the four main strategies of predicting, questioning,

clarifying, and summarizing promote and enhance reading comprehension (Dole et al.,

1991). Baker and Brown (1984) and Palincsar and Brown (1985) stated that those four

main strategies were based on the following criteria: 1) the successful readers employ

these strategies; 2) these strategies support both comprehension monitoring and

comprehension fostering; 3) each strategy is applied when there is a problem in reading a

text; 4) these strategies are regarded as metacognitive strategies.

For these reasons, the readers who are taught through reciprocal teaching are more

aware of their own thinking and reading process. Indeed, they build effective reading

Document info
Document views740
Page views755
Page last viewedThu Dec 08 16:16:25 UTC 2016
Pages233
Paragraphs5584
Words51378

Comments