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THE EFFECTS OF RECIPROCAL TEACHING ON ENGLISH READING - page 6 / 233

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Yuwadee Yoosabai (2009). The Effects of Reciprocal Teaching on English Reading

Comprehension in a Thai High-School Classroom. Dissertation, Ph.D. (English).

Bangkok: Graduate School, Srinakharinwirot University. Advisor Committee:

Dr. Saengchan Hemchua, Dr. Walaiporn Chaya, Dr. U-maporn Kardkarnklai.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of reciprocal teaching

modified from Palincsar and Brown’s (1984) on the English reading comprehension and

metacognitive reading strategies of 12th-grade students in a Thai high-school classroom.

The participants were purposively selected and randomly assigned into two groups: an

experimental and a control group. The experimental group was taught through reciprocal

teaching while the control group was taught through skill-based teaching. Reciprocal

teaching involves four main metacognitive reading strategies: predicting, questioning,

clarifying, and summarizing. Skill-based teaching is a reading instruction that focuses on

reading comprehension skills, vocabulary skills, sentence structure, finding the main idea

of a paragraph, finding the details and facts of a text, and explaining the grammar and

structure of a passage with the teacher’s help. The reading section of the National English

Entrance Examination 2004, a questionnaire on metacognitive reading strategies, a

Reading Think Aloud Sheet, audio-taping, and interviews were all used to collect the

data. The results indicated that reciprocal teaching had a significantly positive effect on

the English reading comprehension and usage of the four main metacognitive reading

strategies of high-school students. The posttest mean score of the experimental group was

significantly higher than that of the control group at 0.05 level. Reciprocal teaching also

enhanced the reading ability of both the proficient and less proficient students. Moreover,

the results from the questionnaire showed that the students in the experimental group

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