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THE EFFECTS OF RECIPROCAL TEACHING ON ENGLISH READING - page 78 / 233

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transferred the leading role to the students, acting as a guide and assistant giving the

students a chance to participate in the reading process. In the end, the students read a

passage by themselves through the three steps of reading. The teacher acted as a

facilitator giving the students feedback and helping them as required. The following

Table 3.2 details the summary of the elements of the reciprocal teaching and of the skill-

based teaching.

Table 2 Summary of Elements of Reciprocal Teaching and Skill-based Teaching in

this Study

Reciprocal Teaching

Skill-based Teaching

1. Goal Increase reading comprehension Increase metacognitive awareness 2. Text Expository 3. Time 14 weeks 4. Instruction

1. Goal Increase reading comprehension Increase reading skills 2. Text Expository 3. Time 14 weeks 4. Instruction

Stage 1 – Preparation

Stage 2 – Modeling

Stage 3 – Participation

(pre-, while-, and post-reading)

Stage 4 – Cooperation

(pre-, while-, and post-reading)

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