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THE EFFECTS OF RECIPROCAL TEACHING ON ENGLISH READING - page 79 / 233

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Reciprocal Teaching

Skill-based Teaching

4.1 Pre-reading

4.1 Pre-reading

A leader asks the group members

The teacher explains the background

to predict the text from

information, key words, and

the title, subtitles, and pictures.

grammar points of the text.

4.2 While-reading

4.2 While-reading

The leader then asks the group to read a

The students are encouraged to find

paragraph, asks questions or encourages

the main idea; to find and infer details

friends to ask questions on the content,

and

to clarify the difficult words, references,

facts; and to draw inferences on the

and structures, to predict the next

text.

paragraph, and to check the accuracy of

their predictions.

4.3 Post-reading

4.3 Post-reading

The participants summarize the text and

The students do the activities or

do the exercises in groups.

exercises

accompanying the text.

5. Teacher’s role

5. Teacher’s role

Guidance, assistance, and facilitation

Lecture

Table 2 (Continued)

65

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