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THE EFFECTS OF RECIPROCAL TEACHING ON ENGLISH READING - page 80 / 233

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Pilot Study

To verify the whole process of the reciprocal teaching model for reading

comprehension, a pilot study was carried out in the first semester of the academic year

2006 with seventy 12th-grade students enrolled in the elective course Reading for Further

Study (ENG 40201) in the second semester of the academic year 2006 at Watnuannordit

School. They were randomly assigned into experimental and control groups. The

participants in the control group were instructed through skill-based teaching, while the

participants in the experimental group were taught through the reciprocal teaching model

for reading comprehension. Both groups used the same reading materials.

Before the instruction, the two groups were both required to take the reading

section of The National English Entrance Examination 2004 as a pretest to measure their

English reading ability. Following this, only the participants in the experimental group

were asked to answer the questionnaire. While working in their cooperative group, the

participants in the experimental group recorded on The Reading Think Aloud Sheet the

four main strategies they used while completing the reading task. At the end of the

semester, all the participants were required to take the same reading section of The

National English Entrance Examination as a posttest in order to measure their level of

achievement in English reading comprehension and to highlight any significant difference

in their English reading performance. The participants in the experimental group were

asked to answer the questionnaire and ten of them were interviewed.

The findings derived from the comparison of the mean scores obtained in the

reading section of The National English Entrance Examination between the two treatment

groups indicated that the experimental group, who experienced the reciprocal teaching

model for reading comprehension, obtained a higher score than the control group, who

received skill-based teaching. Moreover, the results from the questionnaire show that the

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