Qualitative Data Analyses
The data obtained from the Reading Think Aloud Sheet, dialogues, and interviews
were analyzed qualitatively. The results undoubtedly indicated whether reciprocal
teaching enhanced both the proficient and less proficient students’ reading ability.
Reading Think Aloud Sheet.
The data from the Reading Think Aloud Sheet were analyzed to note the
development of the proficient and less proficient students in using the four main reading
strategies of reciprocal teaching. The written results were analyzed on the differences of
the four main reading strategies the participants employed in the early stage of working in
groups (Reading 6) compared to the 4th week of working in groups (Reading 9).
All the participants in the experimental group were interviewed on the four main
reading strategies of reciprocal teaching they employed and their opinion on group work
while completing the reading tasks. The participants’ answers were transcribed and
categorized in order to compare the differences of usage of the main reading strategies
between the proficient and the less proficient students.
The dialogues between the participants as they were working in cooperative
groups were recorded. Then the tapescripts were transcribed into dialogues. Following
this, the descriptive data were analyzed to investigate the difference in the use of the four
main reading strategies between the proficient and less proficient students, while working
on Reading 6 and Reading 9.